2022 Energy Report Annexes
This document is a supplement to the 2022 Energy Report: Towards Low-GHG Emissions from Energy use in Selected Sectors that is provided below. These annexes provide CAETS member academy responses to two types of questionnaires. The first type addresses mainly various aspects of electricity production and greenhouse gas emissions in responding countries. The second type focuses on selected sectors, including: Food and agriculture; Buildings and Smart Cities; Oil and gas industry; Chemical industry; Cement industry; and Iron and steel industry.
Towards Low-GHG Emissions from Energy use in Selected Sectors (2022 Energy Report)
This report reviews existing technologies that could be used immediately to reduce green-house gas (GHG) emissions in seven key sectors: Food and Agriculture, Buildings and Smart Cities, Oil and Gas, Chemicals, Cement, Iron and Steel, Information and Communication technologies. The deployment of these technologies would lead to deep emission reduction before 2040, however these technologies are not sufficient to meet net zero targets by mid-century. The report also highlights research and development needs for new or improved technologies and demonstrations for the near ready technologies. The Executive Summary and full Report are accessible below.
Solutions for High-Level Penetration of Intermittent Renewable Electricity (2020 Energy Report)
This report juxtaposes the contributing academies’ views on development of new technologies to offset renewable energy intermittency and respective policy approaches to sustain growth in renewables generation, distribution, storage, and implementation. Both a brief summary and a full report are provided below.
Clean Energy Technologies-Challenges and Solutions (2018 Report)
The use of clean and affordable sources of energy for all nations is among the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. A transition from over-reliance on fossil fuels to more sustainable energy sources is one way to achieve this goal. One strategy is to substitute electricity as the energy carrier of choice to replace fossil fuels wherever possible. This report juxtaposes the contributing CAETS academies’ views on an all-electric society, comparing the countries’ approaches to generate, distribute and store electricity.
Quieter Cities of the Future: Lessening the Severe Health Effects of Traffic Noise in Cities by Emission Reductions (2014 Report)
This report summarizes key findings from a 2013 forum organized to bring together noise control experts in an effort to clarify the effectiveness of methods and policies and to investigate the potential to achieve substantial change. Experts covered the whole chain from source to receiver, including the health effects of the resulting immissions, and included specialists from the automotive industry, academia, public authorities, and consultants.
Opportunities for Low-Carbon Energy Technologies for Electricity Generation to 2050 (2013 Report)
Achieving a transition to a lower-carbon electricity generating system is technically feasible provided: 1) Significant investments are made to scale-up the development and deployment of LCE technologies for power generation by the end of this decade; and 2) Consistent and significant government policy is taken immediately.
Deployment of Low Emissions Technologies to Electric Power Generation in Response to Climate Change (2010 Report)
The primary challenge for the future of energy in a world combating climate change is that the global economy is predicted to grow four-fold by 2050, with commensurate benefits in improved standards of living, but the offsetting challenge is that the increased energy supply needed to support that growth must come from low-carbon emission sources.